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Monday, 26 September 2016 11:24

The Difference Between Business Analysis and System Analysis in SDLC Featured

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In one of our previous blogs before, we’ve talked about SDLC or also known as “Software Development Life Cycle”.

Just to refresh our minds, SDLC is a model framework that describes the stages of project development. Speaking of these stages, one of the most notorious, challenging and mind-boggling is the “Analysis” stage.

This stage is very crucial for it allows you to set up the pace in defining the functional and non functional requirements for system development. This also gives you the leeway to scrutinize not only the business needs but also the system/program to be developed.

Did you know that in SDLC, you can actually conduct analysis in two ways? Yes, just like a coin with two sides, analysis can be done through what we call as “Business Analysis” or “System Analysis”. But, the million-dollar question would be, how do they differ from one another?

The Process

Business Analysis is known as a process of understanding and identifying business needs and problems. It puts prior on examining the overall business structure, resources, strategies or even the issues comprising the organization. It involves documentation and gathering of information to thoroughly examine what solution would be best to address the needs.

This is normally performed by a business analyst who ensures that the IT solution which is system development coincides with the goals and requirements of the business.

On the other hand, System Analysis is known as a process of identifying the solution given the problem. More often than not, basic system needs are verified. Thus, this process requires the system analyst to probe and identify the system requirements needed, the system design to be implemented, the programming language to be used for the project and other technical specifications related to the system.

Nowadays, we also have what we call as Business System Analyst which can do both roles.

The Responsibilities of a Business Analyst

  • Assessment of business needs and problems
  • Understanding the structure of the organization, issues and its inadequacies
  • Management of business requirements in coordination with the management, stakeholders and end-users
  • Documentation and gathering of information about the business process
  • Preparation of the recommended IT solutions for the business needs.
  • Participation within the whole SDLC process to ensure that the system/solutions provided will be compatible to the needs and goals of the business.

The Responsibilities of a System Analyst

  • Coordination with the business analyst or the management for the system requirements
  • Administration in creating the system, testing and checking the performance of the system.
  • Identification of the system design and the techniques to be used to make the system efficient for the users.
  • Discussion and coordination with the management and end-users to ensure that the system can address their needs when the system is already developed.
  • Creation of flowcharts and model to be used by the developers
  • Configuration and monitoring of the system creation.

 The Skillls

There you go! The two processes may require different set of skills, knowledge and expertise. More often than not, business analysts should have a good background when it comes to business and marketing while systems analysts are required to have higher technical skills.

Conclusion

      As you can see both of the two processes are different but they are complimentary. Don’t worry doing both of these process is definitely worthwhile.

Think of the analysis stage as a stone, which can hit two major goals 1) address certain business needs; 2) create a system to solve the needs and achieve further corporate targets (either maximizing productivity or increasing profit via the system)

At the end of the day, no matter how different they are what is important is how both processes complement and support each other to achieve a common goal!

 

Image Source: http://www.freepik.com/free-photo/web-design-concept-with-drawings_902906.htm#term=business analysis&page=1&position=3

 

References:

Business Analyst Learning Official Website. (September 21,2016). Duties of a Business Analyst. Retrieved from: http://businessanalystlearnings.com/business-analyst-career/2015/11/7/what-is-the-difference-between-business-analysis-and-systems-analysis

Villanoavu Online Website. (September 21,2016). Duties of a System Analyst. Retrieved from http://www.villanovau.com/resources/business-analysis/business-analyst-vs-system-analyst/#.V-IwJih97IU

 

Read 1243 times Last modified on Thursday, 20 October 2016 17:10

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